Holabird, William

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b. 11 September 1854 American Union, New York, USA
d. 19 July 1923 Evanston, Illinois, USA
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American architect who contributed to the development of steel framing, a type of structure that rendered possible the erection of the skyscraper.
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The American skyscraper was, in the 1870s and 1880s, very much the creation of what came to be known as the Chicago school of architecture. It was the most important American contribution to the urban architectural scene. At this time conditions were ripe for this type of office development, and in the big cities, notably Chicago and New York, steeply rising land values provided the incentive to build high; the structural means to do so had been triggered by the then low costs of making quality iron and steel. The skyscraper appeared after the invention of the passenger lift by Otis and the pioneer steel-frame work of Jenney. In 1875 Holabird was working in Jenney's office in Chicago. By 1883 he had set up in private practice, joined by another young architect, Martin Roche (1855–1927), and together they were responsible for the Tacoma Building (1887–9) in Chicago. In this structure the two front façades were entirely non-load-bearing and were carried by an internal steel skeleton; only the rear walls were load-bearing. The design of the building was not revolutionary (this had to wait for L.H. Sullivan) but was traditional in form. It was the possibility of being able to avoid load-bearing outer walls that enabled a building to rise above some nine storeys, and the thirteen-storeyed Tacoma Building pointed the way to the future development of the skyscraper. The firm of Holabird \& Roche continued in the following decades in Chicago to design and construct further high-quality, although lower, commercial buildings such as those in South Michigan Avenue and the McClurg Building. However, they are best remembered for their contribution in engineering to the development of high-rise construction.
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Further Reading
F.Mujica, 1929, History of the Skyscraper, Paris: Archaeology and Architecture Press. C.W.Condit, 1964, The Chicago School of Architecture: A History of Commercial and
Public Building in the Chicago Area 1875–1925, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. J.W.Rudd (compiler), 1966, Holabird and Roche: Chicago Architects, American Association of Architectural Bibliographers.
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Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

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  • Holabird, William — ▪ American architect born Sept. 11, 1854, Amenia Union, N.Y., U.S. died July 19, 1923, Evanston, Ill.       U.S. architect who, with his partner, Martin Roche, was a leading exponent of the influential Chicago School of commercial architecture;… …   Universalium

  • William Holabird — Información personal Nacimiento 11 de septiembre de 1854 Amenia (Nueva York) …   Wikipedia Español

  • William Holabird — (September 11, 1854 Amenia, New York July 19, 1923 Evanston, Illinois) was an American architect.Holabird studied at the United States Military Academy at West Point but resigned and moved to Chicago, where he later got married. He worked for… …   Wikipedia

  • Holabird & Roche — Holabird and Root Holabird and Root (ou Holabird and Roche) est un cabinet d architectes américain fondé en 1880 à Chicago. Le cabinet, initialement fondé par William Holabird et Ossian Simonds en 1880, se nomme d abord « Holabird and… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Holabird & Root — Holabird and Root Holabird and Root (ou Holabird and Roche) est un cabinet d architectes américain fondé en 1880 à Chicago. Le cabinet, initialement fondé par William Holabird et Ossian Simonds en 1880, se nomme d abord « Holabird and… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Holabird And Root — (ou Holabird and Roche) est un cabinet d architectes américain fondé en 1880 à Chicago. Le cabinet, initialement fondé par William Holabird et Ossian Simonds en 1880, se nomme d abord « Holabird and Simonds » avant de prendre le nom de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Holabird and Roche — Holabird and Root Holabird and Root (ou Holabird and Roche) est un cabinet d architectes américain fondé en 1880 à Chicago. Le cabinet, initialement fondé par William Holabird et Ossian Simonds en 1880, se nomme d abord « Holabird and… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Holabird and Root — (ou Holabird and Roche) est un cabinet d architectes américain fondé en 1880 à Chicago aux États Unis. Le cabinet, initialement fondé par William Holabird et Ossian Simonds en 1880, se nomme d abord « Holabird and Simonds » avant de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Holabird — is the name of various people and places, including: *Holabird, South Dakota, USA *Camp Holabird (alias Fort Holabird), Maryland, USA *William Holabird, the famous Chicago architect *John Augur Holabird, his son and also a famous Chicago… …   Wikipedia

  • William Holabird — (* 11. September 1854 in Amenia, New York; † 19. Juli 1923 in Evanston, Illinois) war ein US amerikanischer Architekt. Gemeinsam mit Martin Roche war er ein Vertreter der Chicagoer Schule. Beim Tacoma Building (Chicago, 1886–89) führten sie das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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